Unitarian Universalism emerged from two different
religions: Unitarianism and Universalism. Both Unitarianism and
Universalism started in Europe hundreds of years ago. The Universalist
Church of America was founded by 1793, and the American Unitarian Association by
1825. In 1961, these denominations
consolidated to form the new religion of Unitarian Universalism.
Unitarian Universalism emerged from two
separate denominations: Unitarianism and Universalism.
Originally, all Unitarians were Christians
who didn't believe in the Holy Trinity of God (Father, Son, and Holy Ghost).
Instead, they believe in the unity, or single aspect, of God.
Unitarianism eventually began to stress the importance of rational thinking,
each person's direct relationship with God, and the humanity of Jesus.
Universalists are Christians
who believe in universal salvation. They don't believe that a loving God
could punish anyone to hell for eternity. Instead, they believe that everyone
will be reconciled with God eventually.
Universalists have been influential throughout American
history. Some famous Universalists include Clara Barton,
Olympia Brown, Thomas Starr King, Horace Greeley,
George Pullman, Mary Livermore, and Benjamin Rush.
Unitarian Universalism has followed in the footsteps of its Unitarian
heritages to provide a strong voice for social justice and liberal religion.
Some Unitarian Universalists of whom you may already have heard include Tim
Berners-Lee, Paul Newman, Christopher Reeve, May Sarton, Pete Seeger, and Kurt
Within a very few years of the new religion's forming,
Unitarian Universalists' voices were already heard nation-wide advocating for
the rights of conscientious objectors to the war in Vietnam as well as for
voting and civil rights for people of
color in the south.